Posted by admin


The Maritime Authorities of the Paris MoU and the Tokyo MoU on Port State Control will start issuing a letter of warning from 1st January 2019 on the sulphur content of marine fuels during inspections in order to increase awareness of and to encourage timely compliance with the new requirements.

IMO’s 2020 sulphur cap is expected to enter into force on 1 January 2020, mandating that ships’ fuel contains no more than 0.5% m/m of sulphur. The implementation of the global 2020 sulphur cap will have considerable implications on ship operators, the fuel oil supply chain and the industry as a whole.

For the purpose of facilitating smooth and consistent implementation of the global 2020 sulphur cap, the Paris and the Tokyo Memoranda will carry out a joint information campaign by issuing a letter of warning to ships during inspections from 1 January to 31 December 2019. The aim is to increase awareness of the ships’ crew and company on the matter and to remind and encourage compliance with Regulations 14 (*1,*2) and 18 of MARPOL Annex VI from 1 January 2020.

The letter of warning will be issued to ships found not yet ready for compliance with the 2020 sulphur cap. The following check boxes indicate the areas investigated:

  • SOx records
  • Sulphur oxides
  • Sulphur content of fuel used
  • Alternative arrangements (SOx)

Moving further, from 1 January 2020, PSC Officers will put further emphasis on the following items:

  • That the ship carries on board fuel oil with a sulphur content depending on the area of operation
  • There are records of the bunker delivery notes (BDNs) and associated samples or records thereof are kept onboard
  • There are written procedures on board covering fuel oil change over operations where appropriate
  • That the Master and ship’s personnel are familiar with essential fuel oil management procedures
  • That the ship has an appropriate approval for any installed exhaust gas cleaning systems, or equivalent means, if required.


While increased automation and artificial intelligence seem to open new routes for shipping, vulnerability of systems is another area of concern shipping has to encounter. In mid-2017, the industry was shaken by a major cyber-attack against Maersk, the world’s largest container shipping company, which led the sector to adopt a new look at cyber security issues. 2018 validated this trend as cyber incidents continued affecting operators, ports, and shipbuilders.

Cyber-attack hits Cosco’s operations in US

The highlight of the year was a cyber breach affecting Cosco’s operations in the US Port of Long Beach, on 24 July, which affected the giant’s ­­daily operations. The company’s network broke down, and some electronic communications were not available as a result. However, operations outside the US were not affected, while, less than a week later, its network applications were totally recovered

Ports experience serious cyber security incidents 

Meanwhile, two major international ports, in Spain and the US, fell victim to cyber-attacks within the span of a week. On 20 September, the Port of Barcelona reported a cyber attack, which however did not disrupt any ship movements, but ‘affected only internal IT systems’.

Only five days later, on 25 September, the US Port of San Diego experienced a serious cyber disruption at its IT systems, which made the port employees to work in ‘limited functionality’. It is still unclear if the two incidents were related.

More recently, in late October, Australian defense shipbuilder Austal, which constructs ships for the Royal Australian Navy, the US Navy and the Royal Navy of Oman, became the latest widely-known company to be hit by a cyber breach at its data management systems, with hackers demanding money from the company in return for stolen data. However, the impact was not major.

Except for these separate incidents, it has been reported that earlier in 2018, a criminal gang in Nigeria targeting the global maritime industry had been running multiple “business email compromise” scams for hundreds of thousands of dollars. The group calling themselves “Gold Galleon” had been sending messages to infiltrate payments within shipping companies. Among the victims was a South-Korean and a Japanese shipping company.

Reflecting the need of a more enhanced cyber protection, the EU set in force the GDPR regulation in May 2018, which updates and upgrades current data protection legislation by requiring businesses who deal with EU citizens -and shipping organizations included- to be transparent about how they use their data.


The composite index is down 3.4% this week, similarly, 29.7% up as compared with same period of 2017. The average composite index of the WCI, assessed by Drewry for year-to-date, is US $1,519/40ft container, which is $7 higher than the five-year average of $1,512/40ft container.

Drewry’s composite World Container Index (WCI) is down 3.4% or $55 to touch $1571.49 per 40ft containers. Rates on Shanghai-New York further fell $216 from $3,053 to reach $2,837 for a 40ft container. Freight rates from Shanghai to Los Angeles dropped by $122 over the last week to stand at $1,877 per feu. Similarly, rates on Shanghai-Rotterdam fell to $1,775 – a change of $35 – for a 40ft box. Meanwhile, rates on Rotterdam-New York inched up $8 to reach $2,030 per feu. Drewry expects rates to soften next week.

Two-year spot freight rate trend for the World Container Index:


IMO and the Organization of American States Inter American Committee Against Terrorism (OAS-CICTE) jointly delivered pilot simulation exercises during a workshop on port and maritime security, which was held in Panama City, on December 13 and 14.

Simulation exercises have been established as training and quality assurance tools, which assist countries and port authorities to prepare for a wide range of potential threats and security situations.

A workshop regarding interactive port facilities and port security officers took place in Panama City, Panama, on 13-14 December, and presented a series of possible scenarios which were deliberately varied, from the easiest problems to solve, to others that may require greater participation and analysis to reach a solution.

Needs, possibilities and opportunities were discussed by the participants in order to improve collaboration between them and other responsible actors for port and maritime security in Panama, both at the port level as well as at the national level.

The workshop resulted improved capacity for better prevention and response. Analysis and evaluation of results will be carried out to inform future strategies, with recommendations summarized in a final report, shared with the Panama Maritime Authority and all ports in the country.

This activity will assist member states in the development of the capacities of their Port Facility Security Officers (PFSOs) for the application and enforcement of local legislation in relation to the different threats or situations related to maritime and port security that the PFSOs face daily in ports where they develop their activities. This aims to promote the course in other Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS), through a collaboration between CICTE and Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP) of the OAS and IMO.


As of 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2020, new pollution fine tariffs are entering into effect in Turkey, according to data provided by Kuzei P&I Correspondents.

Petrol and Petroleum products discharged to sea by tankers:

Up to 1000 (inclusive) gross tons: Per Ton * 400 TL

Between 1000 and 5000 (inclusive) gross tons: Per Ton * 100 TL (Addition to 1)

 Over 5000 gross tons: Per Ton * 10 TL (Addition to 1 and 2) 

Dirty ballast discharged to sea by tankers: (Same as last year)

Up to 1000 (inclusive) gross tons: Per Ton * 72.88 TL

Between 1000 and 5000 (inclusive) gross tons: Per Ton * 14.54 TL(Addition to 1)

Over 5000 gross tons: Per Ton * 2.32 TL (Addition to 1 and 2 ) 

Petrol/Petroleum products and dirty ballast discharged to sea by vessels or any other sea vehicles:

Up to 1000 (inclusive) gross tons: Per Ton * 200 TL

Between 1000 and 5000 (inclusive) gross tons: Per Ton * 40 TL(Addition to 1)

 Over 5000 gross tons: Per Ton * 10 TL (Addition to 1 and 2 ) 

Garbage and sewage discharged to sea by vessels and any other sea vehicles:

Up to 1000 (inclusive) gross tons: Per Ton * 100 TL

Between 1000 and 5000 (inclusive) gross tons: Per Ton * 20 TL(Addition to 1)

Over 5000 gross tons: Per Ton * 10 TL (Addition to 1 and 2 ) (Today rate USD /5.38TL 17.12.2018) Additionally,

In case of repetition of the pollution offence by the same ship within 3 years:

At the first repetition, the fine amount is increased by one time more, and,

At the second and more repetition, the fine is calculated and imposed twice as much.

-In case of discharge of any dangerous substances or disposals to sea, the fine will be calculated 10 times as much taking the category of Petrol and Petroleum Products fines as basis.

Leave a Reply